20101107/纪念铁路贯通加国125周年 无一华工后人获邀出席

星岛日报/华工百年前参与建设加拿大,逾百年后似仍未获承认开山劈石贡献。1885年11月7日,加拿大太平洋铁路(CPR)在卑诗省克莱拉奇(Craigellachie)路轨打下最后一根铁钉,象征加国东西两岸连接,也标志卑诗正式纳入联邦,当年参与典礼嘉宾无一铁路华工代表;125年后11月7日(即今日),同样在纪念仪式上,CPR百年如一日:没有邀请华裔代表参与其事,引致华社不满。

加拿大太平洋铁路联同加拿大公园局(Parks Canada),周日在标志CPR铁道完工的“最后铁钉”(The Last Spike)纪念遗址,举行CPR竣工及首个加拿大国家公园建成的125周年纪念仪式。仪式有来自三级政府代表及原住民代表,以及参与表演的乐团和学生,偏偏就没有一位华工后人或华裔社区代表获邀。

《星岛日报》就此事致电CPR,发言人费格尔(Breanne Feigel)表示,该活动向公众公开,主要是纪念CPR建成对于加国东西两岸连接的意义,华工贡献会在致词中加以肯定,但该活动并非专为纪念华工而举行。

她补充说,11月7日致词中,将提及华工对铁路的贡献,并且宣布向卑诗大学(UBC)蒋北扶伉俪珍藏展(Chung Collection)捐款。

华人兴筑太平洋铁路史实网站“同根相连”(The Ties That Bind)创建者李百良是加国华裔第四代,他表示极不满CPR忽视华裔代表位置,指如此重要纪念活动竟没让华社代表参加,实在“让人非常失望”。

李百良又说,总理哈珀2006年在国会肯定加国华工贡献,并对人头税苦主道歉。但华工冒着生命危险建成的CPR,不仅125年前竣工时无一人获邀,到125年后,依然没有华工或后人甚至相关社区人士出席。CPR所谓“向公众公开”,绝不能代表邀请华人社区参加。

李百良指首位在加国出生的华人1861年出世,早过联邦的出现。而华人对加国贡献可追溯至联邦建成以前,如今华人和所有加国人一样在各行业做出贡献。对于CPR指125周年活动公开,李百良认为这远远不够;早期华工用生命和鲜血建成的铁路,125年后成为统一的国家标志及象征,CPR方面如今没有一人向华工或后人致谢,且不邀请华工后代出席盛典,他说这样做既不公平,也不合理。

最后铁钉碑文未提参与华工

星岛日报温哥华记者报道/加拿大铁路(CPR)自1881年开始兴建后,一部分由东部向西部建造,另一部分由西向东建造,最后交接点,位于卑诗省利华斯托(Revelstoke)克莱拉奇(Craigellachie)路段,老鹰隘口(Eagle Pass)内,“最后铁钉”(The Last Spike)就是在这里敲下。

虽然“最后铁钉”敲入时标志着CPR的竣工,但其实尚未真正完成,在1886年,CPR把支线总站伸展至温哥华。CPR自1881年至1886年修筑期间,有逾15,700个华工参与,逾4,000多人客死异乡。华工担任开山、挖隧道和放置炸药等最危险及最辛苦的工作,但他们都没有资格参加最后的竣工仪式。在1885年,联邦政府更开征人头税,每个华人入境时要缴付50元。

1985年,加拿大政府在“最后铁钉”处修建了一个纪念碑,纪念100年前这条铁路连接了加国东西两岸,使得加拿大的省及特区成为一个完整的联邦国家,但是碑文上并没有提及参与的华工。

STATEMENT BY THE PRIME MINISTER OF CANADA
ON THE 125th ANNIVERSARY OF THE LAST SPIKE

Prime Minister Stephen Harper today issued the following statement marking the 125th anniversary of the completion of Canada’s first transcontinental railroad.

“On this day, 125 years ago, the last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway was driven into the ground at Craigellachie, British Columbia, completing this country’s first transcontinental railroad.

“It was one of Canada’s most ambitious projects and a massive undertaking that took more than a decade to complete. Thousands of Canadians, including many new immigrants, contributed to the railway’s construction – often working under difficult and dangerous conditions. I pay special tribute today to honour those who were injured or died during its construction. Their hardships and sacrifices were instrumental in the building of our great country.

“While the railway was financed by British and American investors and built by both European and Chinese labour, afterwards the Chinese were subject to discrimination including the Head Tax, a race-based entry fee. In 2006, our Government apologized for this discriminatory policy.

“The Canadian Pacific Railway linked communities across Canada like never before, providing Canada with a new sense of pride and identity. It promoted exploration and discovery, as well as immigration and commerce.

“The completion of the first transcontinental railway was a significant moment in our nation’s history – a moment that captured the imagination of its citizens, spurring them on to greater achievements. I encourage all Canadians to learn more about this remarkable part of our heritage and those who worked so hard to create it.”

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