20091107/新闻背景:泛美运动会

美洲体育盛会 四年办一次

世界日报/泛美运动会是美洲的国际综合性体育盛会,每隔四年举办一次。

泛美运动会的前身是1920年代的中美洲运动会,直至1932年才有人首度提议举办包括南、中、北美所有美洲国家在内的泛美运动会。随之便成立了“泛美体育组织”(Pan American Sports Organization,简称 PASO)。

首届泛美运动会原定1942年在阿根廷的布宜诺斯艾利斯举行,但因第二次世界大战而延期至1951年。

此后,泛美运动会维持每隔四年举办一次。最近数届参赛国都达到42个国家及地区,运动员超过5000名。

一度举行过冬季泛美运动会,但不太成功,未能维持下去。最初定于1989年在阿根廷举行的冬季泛美运动会,后因天气不佳而被迫延后一年举行,此届冬季泛美运动会也因此只剩下四个高山项目。由于响应者寥寥无几,1993年的冬季泛美运动会只能取消,冬季泛美运动会也自此销声匿迹。

加拿大共主办过两届泛美运动会,均由温尼辟市举办,时间为1967年和1999年。2015年的多伦多泛美运动会,将是加拿大举办的第三届泛美运动会。

Pan American Games

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Pan American Games are a multi-sport event, held every four years in the year before the summer Olympic Games and between competitors from all nations in the Americas. The last edition was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 2007. The next will be in Guadalajara, Mexico in 2011, followed by the 2015 games in Toronto, Canada.

History

The idea of holding a Pan American Games grew from the Central American Games which were first organized in the 1920s. In 1932, a first proposal was made for Pan American Games, and the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) was established. The first Games were scheduled to be staged in Buenos Aires in 1943, but World War II caused them to be postponed until 1951. Since then, the Games have been held every four years, with participation at the most recent event at over 5,000 athletes from 42 countries.

However, for certain sports on the program, such as swimming, the Pan American Games have lost status in the United States, and have not received much attention in the sporting press. The Americans had sent their “B” swimming team to Winnipeg in 1999, in contrast to the 1967 edition where they fielded many rising stars such as Mark Spitz. No major USA television network has covered the last 3 editions of the Games, while newspapers sent second-string reporters and the stories never made front page news. Many high profile athletes, of all nationalities, such as US champion sprinters and Brazilian football players, were in Europe during these Pan Ams, taking part in professional events. South American nations (with the exception of Uruguay) did not send their under-23 male soccer teams after the organizing committee refused to pay appearance money to CONMEBOL. In Canada, there was plenty of coverage, including a nightly two-hour program on CBC, with an additional hour on local affiliate CBWT, French-language coverage on Radio-Canada, plus daytime coverage on TSN. By 2003, the Pan American Games were once again neglected by the media. Generally, the Pan American Games receive plenty of attention in most Latin American countries. The 2007 edition, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, has prompted the Organizing Committee to restore important venues such as the Estádio do Maracanã and build a new Olympic Village.

Winter Games

There have been attempts to hold Pan American Winter Games as well, but these have been without much success. An initial attempt to hold winter events was made by the organizers of the 1951 Pan American Games in Buenos Aires, who planned to stage winter events later in the year but dropped the idea for lack of interest.

Lake Placid, New York, tried to organize Winter Games in 1959, but again not enough countries expressed interest and the plans were canceled.

In 1988, members of PASO voted to hold the first Pan American Winter Games at Las Leñas, Argentina in September 1989. It was further agreed that Winter Games would be held every four years. Lack of snow forced postponement of the games until September 16-22, 1990, when eight countries sent 97 athletes to Las Lenas. Of that total, 76 were from just three countries: Argentina, Canada, and the United States. Weather was unseasonably warm and again there was little snow, so only three Alpine Skiing events—the Slalom, Giant Slalom, and Super G—were staged. The U.S. and Canada combined to win all 18 medals.

PASO awarded the second Pan American Winter Games to Santiago, Chile for 1993. The United States warned that it would not take part unless a full schedule of events was held. The Santiago organizing committee eventually gave up and the idea has not been revived since.

Year Games Host City Country Date Athletes Nations Sports Most Gold Medals
1951 I Buenos Aires Argentina February 25 – March 9, 1951 2513 21 18 Argentina
1955 II Mexico City Mexico March 12 – March 26, 1955 2583 22 17 United States
1959 III Chicago United States August 27 – September 7, 1959 2263 25 18 United States
1963 IV São Paulo Brazil April 20 – May 5, 1963 1665 22 19 United States
1967 V Winnipeg Canada July 23 – August 6, 1967 2361 29 18 United States
1971 VI Cali Colombia July 30 – August 13, 1971 2935 32 18 United States
1975 VII Mexico City Mexico October 12 – October 26, 1975 3146 33 18 United States
1979 VIII San Juan Puerto Rico July 1 – July 15, 1979 3700 34 22 United States
1983 IX Caracas Venezuela August 14 – August 29, 1983 3426 36 23 United States
1987 X Indianapolis United States August 8 – August 23, 1987 4453 38 30 United States
1991 XI Havana Cuba August 2 – August 18, 1991 4519 39 26 Cuba
1995 XII Mar del Plata Argentina March 12 – March 26, 1995 5144 42 34 United States
1999 XIII Winnipeg Canada July 23 – August 8, 1999 5275 42 34 United States
2003 XIV Santo Domingo Dominican Republic August 1 – August 17, 2003 5196 42 35 United States
2007 XV Rio de Janeiro Brazil July 13 – July 29, 2007 5,634 42 41 United States
2011 XVI Guadalajara Mexico October 13 – October 30, 2011
2015 XVII Toronto Canada July 10 – July 26, 2015

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_Am_Games

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