约翰.亚历山大.麦克唐纳（Sir John Alexander MacDonald（1815-1891）是加拿大首任总理，因他在加拿大联邦的建立上起到的重要作用而经常被称为联邦之父。由于他当政时推行的寄宿学校等原住民政策，近年来他的雕像经常成为原住民和反种族主义抗议者的目标。星期六被破坏的雕像两年前曾被人泼上红色颜料。一份要求移除它的网上请愿书在过去几个月中征集到了五万多个签名。
（RCI with CBC News, La Presse， Radio-Canada)
Trudeau condemns destruction of Sir John A. Macdonald statue in Montreal
‘Actions such as that have no place in a society that abides by the rule of law,’ Trudeau says
John Paul Tasker · CBC News · Posted: Aug 31, 2020 1:00 PM ET
The head of a statue of Sir John A. Macdonald is shown torn down following a demonstration in Montreal on Saturday, Aug. 29, 2020. The protestors called on governments to defund the police and end all systemic racism. (Graham Hughes/Canadian Press)
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau today condemned vandalism by activists that brought down a statue of the country’s first prime minister in Montreal over the weekend.
Speaking to reporters at an announcement about COVID-19 vaccines, Trudeau said that while some of the country’s past leaders have done questionable things, acts of destruction are not the best way to advance the fight for equality.
“We are a country of laws and we are a country that needs to respect those laws, even as we seek to improve and change them, and those kind of acts of vandalism are not advancing the path towards greater justice and equality in this country,” Trudeau said.
“Actions such as that have no place in a society that abides by the rule of law,” he added in French.
The statue of Sir John A. Macdonald in Montreal — like those some in other cities — was targeted by activists because of his association with the Indian residential school system, which forcibly removed Indigenous children from the “savages” in their home communities for education in largely church-run facilities where abuse was rampant.
Macdonald also opposed Chinese immigration on racist grounds, fearing it would dilute the British character of Canada.
In order to limit new arrivals, Macdonald’s government passed the Chinese Immigration Act in 1885, which levied a $50 “head tax” on Chinese immigrants.
The activists say the glorification of Macdonald is out of step with the modern push for racial justice.
The statue was toppled and decapitated during a protest calling on political leaders to de-fund police services — part of a wave of protests across the continent against excessive violence perpetrated by law enforcement against Black and Indigenous people.
Macdonald, who served as prime minister for some 19 years, is remembered mostly for his key role in bringing together a collection of disparate British colonies to create a new entity that is now one of the most prosperous and free countries on earth.
He spearheaded the construction of the transcontinental railway that united the fledgling country, encouraged immigration to develop Western Canada and backed tariff-based industrial policies that resulted in a robust domestic manufacturing sector.
“He was our first prime minister and I think it’s important to recognize the role he played in the creation of this country compared to world we live in now,” Trudeau said in French.
“We must acknowledge where there were comments, perspectives, certain actions that were unacceptable — That’s part of recognizing our history as a country.”
A number of other political leaders have condemned the destruction of the Macdonald monument, saying these vandals are intent on erasing Canada’s history and applying 21st century values to a leader who served more than 150 years ago.
Alberta Premier Jason Kenney asked that the damaged statue be sent to his province so it could be repaired and redeployed to acknowledge Macdonald’s contributions as the country’s first leader and a Father of Confederation.
“This vandalism of our history and heroes must stop,” Kenney said in a tweet.
“As his biographer Richard Gwyn wrote, ‘No Macdonald, no Canada.’ Both Macdonald and the country he created were flawed but still great.”
Quebec Premier François Legault also condemned the destruction of the Macdonald statue and promised to restore it to its rightful place at the Place du Canada in Montreal’s downtown core.
“Whatever one might think of John A. Macdonald, destroying a monument in this way is unacceptable. We must fight racism, but destroying parts of our history is not the solution,” he said.