20080924/加拿大海军舰艇的分级与实力

单词扫盲:frigates护卫舰,destroyers驱逐舰,replenishment ships补给舰

Canadian Forces – Naval Vessels and Equipment

? NAVY – MAJOR WARSHIPS 海军主力战舰

Major Canadian warships currently include: frigates (FFHs), destroyers (DDHs), and replenishment ships (AORs). Under the Conservative government’s recently- announced Canada First plan, the latter two types would be phased out. [1] The cuts are intended to make funds available for future Naval Projects including the Joint Support Ship ( JSS / ALSC) and the Single Class Surface Combatant (SCSC). The delayed diesel-electric patrol submarines (SSK) should be operational soon.

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[1] The reports varied as to whether just one or all of the remaining Iroquois class destroyers were to be retired. The fourth DDH, ex-HMCS Huron was stricken and disposed of as a naval / aircraft gunnery target off the BC coast on 14 May 2007.

For more details on current Canadian warships, click on ship class names below. [The major CF naval vessel sideviews, below, are shown approximately to scale.]

Frigate ( FFH ) Halifax Class 哈利法克斯级护卫舰

The most recent major warship as well as the most numerous, FFHs were designed as fast anti-submarine warfare frigates with shipboard helicopters. These twelve ‘Canadian Patrol Frigates’ entered service between 1989 and 1993.

Destroyer ( DDH ) Iroquois Class (or ‘Tribal’ destroyers) 易洛魁级驱逐舰

Three of the original four ‘280’ destroyers are still in service. In the early ’90s, these were modernized and reassigned to the Area Air Defence role to protect an Allied fleets from aerial threats. (AAD equipment may be transferred to FFHs in future.)

Auxiliary Oiler & Replenishment vessel ( AOR ) Protecteur Class RAS ship 防护级辅助补给舰

Two Protecteur class AORs remain in service (a third was retired in 199x ). These AORs will not be replaced directly. The role is to be taken over by JSS transports.

Patrol Submarine ( SSK ) Victoria Class 维多利亚级巡航潜艇

The Victoria class SSKs are the ex-Royal Navy Upholder class patrol submarines. The four trouble-prone submarines were commissioned between December 2000 and Oct 2004 but have yet to become fully operational in CF Maritime Command.

? NAVY–MINOR WARSHIPS 海军次级战舰

The only current class of vessel considered to be a minor Canadian warship is the Kingston class MCDV. As a Naval Reserve ship, a Kingston is also an Auxilliary.

Maritime Coastal Defence Vessel – Kingston Class 金斯顿级海岸防卫艇

Kingston class MCDVs were an attempt at combining mine counter-measures, coastal patrol, and training in a single class. Most would agree that it was a success at MCM (despite its ferrous hull), reasonable at training, but a failure at patrol. A recent decision was made by Maritime Staff to cancel a planned MCDV ‘mid-life’.

Minor support vessels serving the Canadian Navy are not commissioned into the service. Nonetheless, these are important vessels. See: Auxiliary Vessels Index

? NAVY – SMALL SHIPS AND FLEET AUXILIARIES 海军战艇艇及舰队辅助船

Quick overviews of Candian Forces Auxiliary Vessels and other CF small ships are given below. Click on the bold title to go to the page of a specific vessel type. [ Note: sideviews of vessels shown below are not rendered to a constant scale.]

YTR Tug – Fire Class

Though classed as a tug, the Fire class are really a dedicated fire and rescue boat with three nozzles to spray water or foam. One YTR (Firebird) is based at Halifax , the other YTR (Firebrand) at Esquimalt.

Towboats (Tugs) : the Canadian Navy currently has three classes of harbour tugs in service – light Ville YTLs, medium Tillicum YTM, and heavy Glen YTB tugs.

YTL Tug – Ville Class

There are 5 x Ville class Light Harbour Tugs (or YTLs), two in BC, three on the East Coast. Ville class tugs have bollard pulls of up to 7.5 tons.

YTM Tug – Tillicum is a lone Medium Harbour Tugs (YTM) based at Esquimalt. Tillicum displaces 140 gross tonnes. Bollard pull is 16 tons ahead; 10 tons astern. Tillicum is propelled by twin Kort nozzles. In contrast with the Ville class which have steerable Kort nozzles, the YTM’s nozzles are fixed ( it steers with rudders ).

YTB Tug – Glen Class

Two Glen class YTBs or Heavy Harbour Tugs are based in BC, three in NS. Like the smaller YTL tug, the open sea performance of the Glen tug is limited but the YTB excels within protected harbours. Their max bollard pull is 19 tons

Diver Recovery & Diving Tenders

Diver recovery is handled by rigid hull inflatable boats and aluminum jet boats. There are two classes of diving tenders – the medium YDT 11/YDT 12 Granby and the larger YDT Sechelt / Sooke conversions.

YDT Dive Tenders

YDT 11 and YDT 12 Granby ( called D.T. 11 and D.T. 12 sometimes) are two medium-sized diver tenders. YDT 11 is based at Esquimalt (Colwood) and the Granby at Halifax.

YDT Sechelt and Sooke are two diving tender coversions of Sechelt class TSRV Torpedo Sound Range Vessels found to be surplus to Nanoose Bay range needs.

TSRV – the Sechelt class

The Sechelts are purpose built vessels intended for use at the Maritime Exper- imental and Test Ranges, Nanoose Bay, BC. Two of the four TSRVs were later converted as FDU YDTs.

YAG 300 Training Boat

Yard Auxiliary, General is the generic term for what became dedicated officer and cadet training boats. Other wooden YAG 300s became YFB ferry boats. YAGs will be replaced by the new Orca class PCTs.

PCT – the Orca Class

The Orca class PCT are just entering service as YAG 300 replacements. Primarily training boats, “Patrol Craft, Training” will include occasional sovereignty patrol duty as (and when) required.

http://www.casr.ca/101-navy-warships-index.htm


加拿大海军舰艇的分级与装备

CF Major Warships

? AOR – Protecteur Class Replenishment Ships
? DDH – Iroquois (or Tribal-) Class Destroyers
? FFH – Halifax (or City-) Class Frigates
? SSK – Victoria Class Patrol Submarines

CF Minor Warships

? MM – Kingston Class Patrol Vessels (MCDV)
Also see: Mid-Life or Move Over for the MCDV?

CF Auxiliary Vessels

? Small Ships – CF Harbour Craft and Tenders
? PCT – Orca class Patrol Craft, Training (also see: Orca class YAG replacement Project )
? TSRV – Torpedo Range vessels (‘S’ class)
? YAG – YAG 300 training boats
? Diver Recovery & Diving Tenders (overview)
? Diver Recover Boats ( jet boats )
? YDT – Diving Tender boats
? YDT – Sechelt TSRV conversions
? YTB – large harbour tugs (Glen class)
? YTL – small harbour tugs (Ville class)
? YTR – fire/rescue boats (Fire class)

Ship’s Armament – Guns

? 40mm L/60 Bofors (Boffin) main gun
? 57mm L/70 Bofors main gun
? 76mm L/62 OTO-Melara main gun
? 20mm CIWS (Close-In Weapon System)
? Anciliary Ship’s and Sailor’s Weapons

Ship’s Armament — Missiles

? Standard SM-2 MR Surface-to-Air Missile
? Raytheon Sea Sparrow Surface-to-Air Missile
? The Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile Project
? Boeing Harpoon Surface-to-Surface Missile

Ship’s Armament — Torpedoes

? Mk46 Lightweight Torpedo
? Mk48 Heavyweight Torpedo

Ship’s Sensors and Countermeasures

? Ship’s Sonar (hull-mounted active sonar)
? Variable Depth Sonar (active towed sonar)
? CANTASS (passive towed array sonar)
? AN/SLQ-25 Nixie (towed torpedo decoy)
? AWA Nulka (anti-ship missile ECM decoy)
? Plessey Shield (chaff and flare decoy system)

Ship’s Systems

? Ships’s Powerplants (engine type overview)

http://www.casr.ca/101-navy-index.htm


全球海军实力的九级划分法

伟 容

第一级是在全球规模扮演各种军事角色的海军力量。目前只有美国海军为这一级,并且在今后一个时期内维持这一领先地位。

第二级是具备在全球使用部分力量的海军。只有前苏联海军处在这一级,因为它没有远洋制海力量和能力,对远离苏联海岸的地区性海军不具备全胜的把握和能力。

第三级是英、法两个中等的、具有在全球使用力量的海军。二者都拥有水面制海兵力、攻击核潜艇和弹道导弹潜艇,能运送部队进行两栖作战并具有相应的海上支援保障能力,有能力在其本地区之外进行重大军事行动和较近的大洋海区进行高技术战役。

第四级是能在临近大洋使用军事力量的中等地区性海军。拥有此级海军的国家包括印度、日本、意大利、荷兰、德国、西班牙、比利时、加拿大、澳大利亚、巴西和阿根廷。

第五级是能在近海使用力量的海军。如葡萄牙、希腊、土耳其、智利、秘鲁、以色列、南非、朝鲜、韩国、巴基斯坦、新西兰、伊朗、沙特阿拉伯等国的海军。海湾战争之前的伊拉克和中国的台湾地区海军也在这一级。

第六级是能依托本土,在本国所属200海里水域以内,具有较强的防御作战能力的海军。包括挪威、丹麦、瑞典、波兰、罗马利亚、保加利亚、阿尔及利亚、摩洛哥、利比亚、埃及、尼日利亚、古巴、哥伦比亚、厄瓜多尔、委内瑞拉、孟加拉、印度尼西亚、马来西亚、泰国、菲律宾和前南斯拉夫等国的海军。

第七级是近岸防卫型海军,只有基本的近岸防卫能力。包括阿尔巴尼亚、安哥拉、文莱、喀麦隆、埃塞俄比亚、芬兰、加蓬、科威特、也门、阿曼、卡塔尔、索马里、新加坡、叙利亚和突尼斯等国的海军。

第八级属海上警察型,没有海战能力,海上军事力量纯粹扮演警察角色。这样的海军等同于海岸警卫队,自然也包括那些只能担负支援本国海军作战任务的海岸警备队,如墨西哥、多米尼加、乌拉圭、冰岛、爱尔兰、缅甸、斯里兰卡、加纳和坦桑尼亚等国的海军。

第九级为象征性海军。它包括世界上其它最弱小,只有几艘海岸小艇和基本组织形式的海上军事力量。


加拿大军事实力

来源:互联网 作者:不详
时间:2004-08-23

加拿大武装力量由正规军、预备役部队和准军事部队组成。实行全军统一体制,国防部下直接设立地面(相当于陆军)、海上(相当于海军)、空中(相当于空军)、通讯与情报、人事保障、物资支援、政策指导与管理7个司令部。现役部队6.16万人。

文职人员:2.2万人。

预备役部队:4.34万人,其中基干预备役部队2.87万人(地面部队2.17万人、海上部队4600人、空中部队2100人、其他300人)。

准军事部队:1.1万人。主要是海岸警卫队。装备有各种小型舰艇81艘、直升机22架。

加拿大地面部队兵力2.19万人。编有1个师部,下辖3个机械化步兵旅群(各辖1个装甲团、1个炮团、1个工兵团和3个机械化步兵营、1个高炮连)、1个防空团和1个特种勤务团。

坦克:“豹”C-1型114辆。
装甲侦察车:“大山猫”203辆、“美洲狮”195辆。
装甲运输车:M-113型1329辆、M-577型61辆、“灰熊”269辆、“野牛”199辆。
牵引炮:105毫米196门。
自行炮:155毫米76门。
迫击炮:81毫米167门。
反坦克导弹:“陶”式150具、“红沙蛇”425具。
无坐力炮:84毫米1040门、106毫米111门。
高炮:35毫米34门、40毫米57门。
地空导弹:“阿达茨”34部、“轻标枪”96部。

加拿大海上部队兵力9400人,编有2个舰队(5个中队)、1个海上航空大队(10个中队)。

潜艇:“奥吉布瓦”级3艘。
主要水面作战舰只共20艘,其中“易洛魁人” 级反潜驱逐舰4艘,护卫舰16艘(“哈尼法克斯”级12艘、“安纳波利斯”级2艘、“雷斯蒂古什”级改进型2艘)。
巡逻舰艇:14艘。
反水雷舰艇:2艘。
支援和杂务舰船:8艘。

加拿大空中部队兵力1.46万人。编有4个航空大队、34个中队。作战飞机140架(另储存104架)、武装直升机30架。

战斗机:CF-18型122架(另储存40架)、CP-140型21架(其中18架具有作战能力)、FC-116型64架(储存)。
运输机:CC-130E/H型、KC-130型等共69架。
教练机:CT-133型、CT-114型等共166架。
直升机:共102架,其中30架CH-124型为海上反潜直升机。
此外,现役部队中还有通讯与情报、人事保障、物资支援和政策指导与管理等不按军种划分的军人1.57万人。

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