Canadian Forces – Naval Vessels and Equipment
? NAVY – MAJOR WARSHIPS 海军主力战舰
Major Canadian warships currently include: frigates (FFHs), destroyers (DDHs), and replenishment ships (AORs). Under the Conservative government’s recently- announced Canada First plan, the latter two types would be phased out.  The cuts are intended to make funds available for future Naval Projects including the Joint Support Ship ( JSS / ALSC) and the Single Class Surface Combatant (SCSC). The delayed diesel-electric patrol submarines (SSK) should be operational soon.
 The reports varied as to whether just one or all of the remaining Iroquois class destroyers were to be retired. The fourth DDH, ex-HMCS Huron was stricken and disposed of as a naval / aircraft gunnery target off the BC coast on 14 May 2007.
For more details on current Canadian warships, click on ship class names below. [The major CF naval vessel sideviews, below, are shown approximately to scale.]
Frigate ( FFH ) Halifax Class 哈利法克斯级护卫舰
The most recent major warship as well as the most numerous, FFHs were designed as fast anti-submarine warfare frigates with shipboard helicopters. These twelve ‘Canadian Patrol Frigates’ entered service between 1989 and 1993.
Destroyer ( DDH ) Iroquois Class (or ‘Tribal’ destroyers) 易洛魁级驱逐舰
Three of the original four ‘280’ destroyers are still in service. In the early ’90s, these were modernized and reassigned to the Area Air Defence role to protect an Allied fleets from aerial threats. (AAD equipment may be transferred to FFHs in future.)
Auxiliary Oiler & Replenishment vessel ( AOR ) Protecteur Class RAS ship 防护级辅助补给舰
Two Protecteur class AORs remain in service (a third was retired in 199x ). These AORs will not be replaced directly. The role is to be taken over by JSS transports.
Patrol Submarine ( SSK ) Victoria Class 维多利亚级巡航潜艇
The Victoria class SSKs are the ex-Royal Navy Upholder class patrol submarines. The four trouble-prone submarines were commissioned between December 2000 and Oct 2004 but have yet to become fully operational in CF Maritime Command.
? NAVY–MINOR WARSHIPS 海军次级战舰
The only current class of vessel considered to be a minor Canadian warship is the Kingston class MCDV. As a Naval Reserve ship, a Kingston is also an Auxilliary.
Maritime Coastal Defence Vessel – Kingston Class 金斯顿级海岸防卫艇
Kingston class MCDVs were an attempt at combining mine counter-measures, coastal patrol, and training in a single class. Most would agree that it was a success at MCM (despite its ferrous hull), reasonable at training, but a failure at patrol. A recent decision was made by Maritime Staff to cancel a planned MCDV ‘mid-life’.
Minor support vessels serving the Canadian Navy are not commissioned into the service. Nonetheless, these are important vessels. See: Auxiliary Vessels Index
? NAVY – SMALL SHIPS AND FLEET AUXILIARIES 海军战艇艇及舰队辅助船
Quick overviews of Candian Forces Auxiliary Vessels and other CF small ships are given below. Click on the bold title to go to the page of a specific vessel type. [ Note: sideviews of vessels shown below are not rendered to a constant scale.]
YTR Tug – Fire Class
Though classed as a tug, the Fire class are really a dedicated fire and rescue boat with three nozzles to spray water or foam. One YTR (Firebird) is based at Halifax , the other YTR (Firebrand) at Esquimalt.
Towboats (Tugs) : the Canadian Navy currently has three classes of harbour tugs in service – light Ville YTLs, medium Tillicum YTM, and heavy Glen YTB tugs.
YTL Tug – Ville Class
There are 5 x Ville class Light Harbour Tugs (or YTLs), two in BC, three on the East Coast. Ville class tugs have bollard pulls of up to 7.5 tons.
YTM Tug – Tillicum is a lone Medium Harbour Tugs (YTM) based at Esquimalt. Tillicum displaces 140 gross tonnes. Bollard pull is 16 tons ahead; 10 tons astern. Tillicum is propelled by twin Kort nozzles. In contrast with the Ville class which have steerable Kort nozzles, the YTM’s nozzles are fixed ( it steers with rudders ).
YTB Tug – Glen Class
Two Glen class YTBs or Heavy Harbour Tugs are based in BC, three in NS. Like the smaller YTL tug, the open sea performance of the Glen tug is limited but the YTB excels within protected harbours. Their max bollard pull is 19 tons
Diver Recovery & Diving Tenders
Diver recovery is handled by rigid hull inflatable boats and aluminum jet boats. There are two classes of diving tenders – the medium YDT 11/YDT 12 Granby and the larger YDT Sechelt / Sooke conversions.
YDT Dive Tenders
YDT 11 and YDT 12 Granby ( called D.T. 11 and D.T. 12 sometimes) are two medium-sized diver tenders. YDT 11 is based at Esquimalt (Colwood) and the Granby at Halifax.
YDT Sechelt and Sooke are two diving tender coversions of Sechelt class TSRV Torpedo Sound Range Vessels found to be surplus to Nanoose Bay range needs.
TSRV – the Sechelt class
The Sechelts are purpose built vessels intended for use at the Maritime Exper- imental and Test Ranges, Nanoose Bay, BC. Two of the four TSRVs were later converted as FDU YDTs.
YAG 300 Training Boat
Yard Auxiliary, General is the generic term for what became dedicated officer and cadet training boats. Other wooden YAG 300s became YFB ferry boats. YAGs will be replaced by the new Orca class PCTs.
PCT – the Orca Class
The Orca class PCT are just entering service as YAG 300 replacements. Primarily training boats, “Patrol Craft, Training” will include occasional sovereignty patrol duty as (and when) required.
CF Major Warships
? AOR – Protecteur Class Replenishment Ships
? DDH – Iroquois (or Tribal-) Class Destroyers
? FFH – Halifax (or City-) Class Frigates
? SSK – Victoria Class Patrol Submarines
CF Minor Warships
? MM – Kingston Class Patrol Vessels (MCDV)
Also see: Mid-Life or Move Over for the MCDV?
CF Auxiliary Vessels
? Small Ships – CF Harbour Craft and Tenders
? PCT – Orca class Patrol Craft, Training (also see: Orca class YAG replacement Project )
? TSRV – Torpedo Range vessels (‘S’ class)
? YAG – YAG 300 training boats
? Diver Recovery & Diving Tenders (overview)
? Diver Recover Boats ( jet boats )
? YDT – Diving Tender boats
? YDT – Sechelt TSRV conversions
? YTB – large harbour tugs (Glen class)
? YTL – small harbour tugs (Ville class)
? YTR – fire/rescue boats (Fire class)
Ship’s Armament – Guns
? 40mm L/60 Bofors (Boffin) main gun
? 57mm L/70 Bofors main gun
? 76mm L/62 OTO-Melara main gun
? 20mm CIWS (Close-In Weapon System)
? Anciliary Ship’s and Sailor’s Weapons
Ship’s Armament — Missiles
? Standard SM-2 MR Surface-to-Air Missile
? Raytheon Sea Sparrow Surface-to-Air Missile
? The Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile Project
? Boeing Harpoon Surface-to-Surface Missile
Ship’s Armament — Torpedoes
? Mk46 Lightweight Torpedo
? Mk48 Heavyweight Torpedo
Ship’s Sensors and Countermeasures
? Ship’s Sonar (hull-mounted active sonar)
? Variable Depth Sonar (active towed sonar)
? CANTASS (passive towed array sonar)
? AN/SLQ-25 Nixie (towed torpedo decoy)
? AWA Nulka (anti-ship missile ECM decoy)
? Plessey Shield (chaff and flare decoy system)
? Ships’s Powerplants (engine type overview)